The first National Forest Policy of Tanzania was enunciated in 1953 and reviewed in 1963 to detail the manner in which the forest and tree resources would be managed sustainably to meet the needs and desires of the society and the nation. Over the past three decades the perspectives on the role of the forest for the society have changed and broadened considerably as a consequence of social, economic, environmental, cultural and political changes. On the other hand, there have been relentless pressures on the forest resources arising from the ever increasing demand for fuelwood, fodder, timber and demand of forest land for other uses.
The Beekeeping sector in Tanzania has been managed without a policy since 1949 when it was officially formed as a department under Agriculture.Increased efforts to promote the development of Beekeeping - Agro-Forestry Systems as tools for implementing Community-Based Natural Resources Management (CBNRM)
National Beekiping Act 2002
Beekeeping Act, 2002 (Act No. 15 of 2002). An Act to provide for the orderly conduct of beekeeping, for the improvement of products of beekeeping and for the prevention and eradication of diseases and pests among bees. This Act shall come into operation on such date as the Minister may appoint.
Water sector development in Tanzania was governed by the 1991 National Water Policy, until the new 2002 National Water Policy entered into force.The 1991 National Water Policy set a goal of providing clean and safe water to the population within 400 meters of their households by 2002.
An Act to provide for institutional and legal framework for sustainable management and development of water resources; to outline principles for water resources management; to provide for the prevention and control of water pollution; to provide for participation of stakeholders and the general public in implementation.
The overall objectives of the National Environmental Policy are, therefore, to ensure sustainable and equitable use of resources without degrading the environment or risking health or safety; to prevent and control degradation of land, water, vegetation, and air which constitute the essential life support systems.
(2) No licensing authority under any law in force in Mainland Tanzania shall issue a certificate for any project for which an environmental impact assessment is required under the Act unless the applicant produces to the licensing authority a certificate of environmental impact assessment issued by the Minister.